Uses and Characteristics of the Total Station in Surveying

estacion total en la topografía

The total station is an essential tool in surveying due to its versatility and ease in measuring distances and angles. This tool combines the functions of a theodolite and a distance meter, allowing for the precise measurement of horizontal and vertical angles. Below are the main features and uses of this important tool:

Main Functions

Angle Measurement: The total station is capable of measuring horizontal and vertical angles with high precision, essential for the exact delineation of points on the Earth’s surface.

Distance Measurement: Equipped with laser technology, this device can measure distances with an accuracy of up to 1 mm, facilitating the acquisition of exact data.

Coordinate Calculation: Using trigonometry and triangulation, the total station determines the coordinates of specific points, providing values for (x), (y), and (z) (altitude).

Data Storage: This instrument includes internal memory or an electronic notebook to store and process the collected data, improving efficiency and accuracy in fieldwork.


  • Construction: Fundamental for the planning and execution of construction projects, ensuring that structures are correctly positioned according to designed plans.
  • Cartography: Used in creating detailed maps, providing precise information about the terrain’s topography.
  • Civil Engineering: Essential for the design and construction of infrastructure, ensuring that projects are carried out with precision and according to technical requirements.
  • Topographic Surveys: Crucial for determining the shape and characteristics of the terrain, facilitating informed decision-making in development projects.

Comparison with Other Instruments

Total Station

  • Functions: Combines a theodolite and an electronic distance meter, allowing simultaneous measurement of angles and distances.
  • Uses: Ideal for detailed topographic surveys, construction, and engineering projects.
  • Advantages: High precision, electronic data storage, and the ability to calculate coordinates directly.
  • Disadvantages: More expensive and requires specific training.


  • Functions: Measures horizontal and vertical angles but not distances.
  • Uses: Used in surveying to measure angles in complex terrains.
  • Advantages: Precise in angle measurement, more economical than the total station.
  • Disadvantages: Does not measure distances electronically, which may require additional tools.

Electronic Level

  • Functions: Measures height differences between points using a laser beam or an optical level.
  • Uses: Common in construction for leveling land and structures.
  • Advantages: Easy to use, fast, and precise in height measurement.
  • Disadvantages: Does not measure angles or horizontal distances.

Summary of Differences

  • Total Station: Measures angles and distances electronically, ideal for complex projects.
  • Theodolite: Measures only angles, suitable for tasks that do not require distance measurement.
  • Electronic Level: Measures heights, perfect for leveling in construction.

As noted in this brief compendium of information, the total station stands out as an integral tool in modern surveying, offering precision and efficiency in measuring angles and distances. Its angle measurement, distance measurement, and data storage capabilities also make it useful in construction projects, cartography, civil engineering, and topographic surveys.

Contact us, at Acero Estudio we are specialists in topography surveys and services for the construction and architecture industry.

Why We Recommend Our Drone Topography Service

benefits of drone topography

The discipline of topography is constantly evolving; however, it is in recent years with the emergence of drones that this important branch of engineering is undergoing significant changes in the way topographic data is collected and recorded.

In this article, we will explore the advantages of drone topography and compare it with traditional methods.


Drones equipped with LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) sensors and high-resolution cameras can collect topographic data at a much faster and more efficient rate than traditional surveying services. Additionally, the results of a topographic survey conducted using these means are highly accurate.

In road construction projects, where a traditional surveying team might take weeks, drones equipped with LiDAR can complete the work in just a few days, allowing engineers to start the design and architecture phase much more quickly.


Drone topography is precise and detailed thanks to high-definition sensors and cameras. These data are processed using software such as photogrammetry software, which creates accurate three-dimensional models of the terrain.

An example of the precision and reliability of drones is that, thanks to their multispectral cameras, they can even detect areas with higher or lower humidity to provide maximum information to the project engineers.


Drone topography allows us to access remote areas, rocky slopes, or areas with dangerous cliffs while maintaining the safety of the human team and allowing us to collect data in difficult or inaccessible terrain.

An example of this is found in the mining industry, where drones fly over dangerous areas, such as steep slopes or recent excavation areas, to conduct detailed inspections without endangering the safety of personnel.

Contact Acero Estudio, inquire about our drone topography service, and let’s kickstart your project with the utmost efficiency and safety.

Factors Influencing the Price of a Topographic Survey


If you’re looking for a company that provides professional topography services, you’ve come to the right place. At Acero Estudio, we offer professional topography services, and one of the questions we commonly receive is related to pricing. How much does a topographic survey cost, and what factors determine the price?

The answer to this question is that the price can vary considerably depending on several key factors that need to be considered. These factors may include the area to be surveyed, the complexity of the terrain, and the level of detail required by the client.

Area Size

The size of the area to be surveyed is one of the main determinants of the cost of a topographic survey. The larger the area, the more time and resources will be needed to complete the work, which can significantly influence the final price.

It’s also important to consider the complexity, which plays a crucial role in determining the price. There are areas with complicated topographic features, such as steep slopes, dense vegetation, or the presence of bodies of water, which may require special surveying techniques and greater effort from the surveying team, inevitably affecting the project’s cost.

Finally, a high level of detail can also influence the price. Some projects may require a high degree of detail in their topographic map, which requires a greater number of control points, implying more meticulous work from our team and therefore incurring higher costs.

The Total Station in Surveying: An Essential Instrument for Accurate Measurements

total station

One of the most essential and versatile tools used in surveying services is the total station. In this article, we will explore in detail what a total station is and how it is used in surveying.

A total station is an advanced surveying instrument that combines several essential functions in a single device. Unlike traditional surveying instruments such as theodolite and scope, the total station is an all-in-one tool that allows surveyors to make accurate measurements of horizontal and vertical angles, as well as distances, heights and elevations. These measurements are made with remarkable precision, making it an indispensable tool in the field of modern surveying.

Components of a Total Station

Total stations consist of several key components:

  • Theodolite: The theodolite incorporated in a total station is responsible for measuring horizontal and vertical angles with great precision. It allows surveyors to point to specific points on the ground and determine directions and elevations accurately.
  • Distancemeter: Total stations are equipped with a distancemeter that uses laser or electronic technology to measure distances between the total station and the point of interest. This allows obtaining precise coordinates.
  • Spirit Level: A spirit level built into the total station ensures that the instrument is perfectly level, which is essential for accurate angle and elevation measurements.
    Screen or viewer: The total station generally has a screen or viewer where the collected data, such as angles, distances and coordinates, are displayed. Some modern total stations even have touch screens for a friendlier user interface.

Use of the Total Station in Topography

Total stations are used in a wide variety of surveying applications, including:

  • Topographic Surveys: To measure the elevation, distance and direction of points on the Earth’s surface, allowing the creation of detailed topographic maps.
  • Construction project control: In the planning and execution of construction projects, such as buildings, roads and bridges, to ensure that structures are built according to specifications.
  • Property surveying and demarcation: To determine property boundaries and create accurate cadastral plans.
  • Monitoring of deformations and changes: In geodetic studies to measure the deformation of structures or the movement of the ground over time.
  • Geology and geophysics: In geological studies to determine the stratigraphy of the subsoil and in geophysical studies to investigate the properties of the terrain.

Advantages of Total Stations

Using a total station offers several advantages, such as:

  • Greater precision: Allows highly precise measurements of angles, distances and elevations.
  • Efficiency: Simplifies the measurement process by combining multiple functions in a single instrument.
  • Speed: Facilitates obtaining data quickly and efficiently.
  • Data Storage: Many modern total stations can store and transfer data electronically, simplifying further processing of the information.

The total station is an essential tool in the field of modern surveying. Its ability to make accurate measurements of angles, distances and elevations with efficiency and ease makes it an invaluable instrument in a variety of applications, from creating detailed topographic maps to planning and executing construction projects.

Its incorporation of cutting-edge technology has transformed the way surveying measurements are made and has significantly improved the accuracy of the results.

Benefits of Aerial Photogrammetry in Infrastructure Construction

drone aerial photogrametry

Aerial photogrammetry also known as drone photogrammetry. This technique, which uses aerial and ground images to obtain precise measurements and three-dimensional models, offers a number of key benefits for the planning and execution of public infrastructure projects.

grafico obtenido con la tecnica de fotogrametria con drones
Graphic obtained through the aerial photogrammetry technique with drones.
  1. Precision and Accuracy: One of the greatest benefits of photogrammetry in public infrastructure construction is its ability to provide precise and accurate measurements. High-resolution aerial and ground images capture minute details of the terrain and existing structures. This allows engineers and architects to work with reliable data to make critical decisions in project design and execution.
  2. Reduction in Project Costs and Time: Photogrammetry significantly speeds up the topographic survey process and data capture. Compared to traditional manual measurement techniques or total stations, photogrammetry saves considerable time and resources. This results in reduced project costs and faster completion of public works.
  3. Improved Planning and Design: Photogrammetry provides a comprehensive and detailed view of the construction environment. Engineers and designers can use three-dimensional models to analyze the terrain, identify potential challenges, and optimize the placement of infrastructure. This leads to a more efficient design and the minimization of unforeseen problems during construction.
  4. Progress Monitoring and Control: During project execution, photogrammetry can be used for progress monitoring and control. By comparing images before and after the works, it is possible to evaluate the progress and quality of the work. This facilitates timely decision-making and allows deviations to be corrected before they become costly problems.
  5. Safety and Risk Reduction: Photogrammetry also contributes to improving safety in public works. By providing detailed information about terrain and site conditions, construction teams can identify and mitigate potential risks. Additionally, accurate planning reduces the likelihood of accidents and mishaps.
  6. Complete Project Documentation: Photogrammetry creates complete project documentation that includes images, 3D models, and detailed measurements. This is invaluable for future references, maintenance and possible infrastructure expansions. It also facilitates communication with stakeholders and reporting to regulatory authorities.
  7. Improved Decision Making: By having accurate and updated data in real time, project managers and authorities can make informed and strategic decisions. This is especially important in public infrastructure projects, where the financial and social implications are significant.
  8. Minimizing Environmental Impact: The ability to accurately assess terrain and environmental conditions allows project planners to minimize environmental impact. This includes protecting sensitive areas and implementing measures to reduce the ecological footprint of the building.

This technology has proven to be a valuable tool for engineers and architects working on public infrastructure projects, contributing to the creation of more efficient, sustainable and safe infrastructure for communities around the world. Contact Acero Estudio and request more information about our aerial photogrammetry service with the use of drones.

Advantages of using drones in construction

use of drones in construction sector

Advantages of using drones in construction

The use of drones for construction management has been growing exponentially in recent years. They offer many advantages in terms of tracking, surveillance and location inspection with good, faster and more accurate results.

Below, we present some of the main advantages provided by the use of drones in the construction sector.

Vista de profesional con el dron para la realización de la topografía del terreno
Drones provide various benefits for construction, engineering and architecture

1. Precise mapping

Most of the time, manual data collection and map generation are labor-intensive and time-consuming tasks. Drones can speed up this process by 60-70%. They provide high resolution photos, video capture and data through a LiDAR sensor or through the drone photogrammetry technique.

The LiDAR sensor transmits a laser beam and measures its reflection. Very useful for mapping, especially in topography when there are difficulties in accessing technicians. Construction drone surveying not only simplifies mapping, but also facilitates 3D modeling and analysis.

2. Minimum risk

Drones can replace people in the process of ensuring safety when accessing certain places. By integrating the drone with the monitoring device, real-time information is obtained and problems in certain areas can be instantly identified.

Therefore, the risk of accidents involving people and heavy equipment can be reduced during inspections in areas prone to hazards and risks.

3. Monitoring productivity and responsibility in the field

Drones used in construction make it possible to monitor team productivity. They can also check whether the equipment is installed or not. Therefore, they can easily identify the issue that is causing the project to run slowly. Easy and effective management.

4. Greater effectiveness in Marketing

Photos and videos are the best options to show the project. Until the emergence of drones a few years ago, certain operations could only be carried out with a helicopter to take photos and videos.

The high cost of a helicopter flight has no comparison with the accessibility in economic terms of a drone flight. The costs related to obtaining photos and videos are not parallel to their quality, flexibility, time and safety compared to the drone. These solve the same difficulties effectively.

Thanks to this technology, marketing efforts gain more with high-quality images. You can capture gorgeous projects from different angles in a relatively short time. The company can satisfy stakeholders with progress they can see visually.


The application of drones for construction management provides various benefits regarding safety, costs and time. Drones increase project efficiency with rapid data collection, mapping, and analysis. Furthermore, the information obtained can provide additional advantages if it is integrated with specific computer applications for construction, as it automates management tasks with access to real-time data.

The future of drones in construction will not stop. These benefits are just a few examples. As the technology develops, drones are expected to help construction companies in a wider area.

Also remember that at Acero Estudio we provide various services dedicated to reducing construction risks such as:

Contact us and request a quote for our services, we are here to assist you.

Topographic Survey – Topographic Services

levantamiento topografico en zona rural del peru

Topographic Surveying: An Essential Service for Construction and Project Planning

In the world of construction and architecture, precision is key. The infrastructure that is built must be safe, functional and aesthetically pleasing, but it all starts with a detailed understanding of the terrain on which it will be built. This is where land surveying comes into play, an essential surveying service that measures and represents the characteristics of a land surface. Without a doubt, this process is one of the fundamental pillars in project planning.

apoyo tecnico topografico de acero estudio en la construccion del tunel chacahuaro en lima
TECHNICAL SURVEYING SUPPORT of Acero Study in the Construction of the Chacahuaro Tunnel in the Department of Lima

Fundamental Pillars for Project Planning

Topographic surveying has become a highly specialized discipline that uses advanced techniques to obtain a detailed plan of the terrain. It is not limited to simply drawing a flat map; It goes much further by showing elevations and low areas with an impressive level of detail. In addition, it is capable of identifying and representing existing elements on the ground, such as trees, buildings or roads. This service is the first step towards creating a design that works in harmony with the natural environment.

For construction and architecture companies, surveying services such as land surveying are invaluable. By having precise knowledge of the terrain, architects and engineers can design structures that take advantage of the natural shape of the terrain’s slopes, taking advantage of its natural characteristics. This approach not only promotes the aesthetics and functionality of the design, but also generates significant savings by adapting to the existing topography instead of trying to modify it.

levantamiento topografico en piura peru

Surveying also plays a crucial role in geographic risk management. Nature can be unpredictable, but with the information provided by this service, it is possible to anticipate and manage a series of challenges. For example, flood zones can be detected, which is essential for planning construction projects near bodies of water or flood-prone areas. Likewise, areas of unstable land can be identified, allowing architects and engineers to plan construction processes that anticipate these challenges, thus avoiding costly corrections later in the project.

Furthermore, surveying not only benefits builders and architects, but is also essential in a variety of industries. For example, in the field of agriculture, this technique is used to plan irrigation and crop planting efficiently, taking advantage of the characteristics of the terrain to optimize production. In the energy field, it is used in the planning of wind and solar farms, ensuring that facilities are placed in optimal locations in terms of exposure to the sun and wind. Even in the realm of cartography and geology, topographic surveying is essential for creating accurate maps and understanding the geology of a region.

Surveying is much more than a simple measurement tool. It is an essential service that supports project planning, ensures the safety of structures and enables efficient management of geographic risks. From home construction to large-scale infrastructure projects, this discipline is an integral part of the construction industry and plays a critical role in creating a safe and functional built environment. Therefore, it is no exaggeration to say that land surveying is the foundation on which our world is built.

Other topographic services are:

  • Polygonal Topography
  • Geometric Leveling
  • Photogrammetry
  • 3D Laser Scanning

Contact Acero Estudio, a company specialized in topographic studies, we are at your service.